Nepal

Intro

Nepal. A mysterious country located on the highest mountain chain on earth.

A country with a unique and somehow very spiritual atmosphere that is in part due to the kind and hospitable people living here and to the amazing landscapes surrounding them.

Located between Tibet and India at the heart of the Himalayas, Nepal is the country with the highest number of UNESCO listed sites in the world. Travelling in Nepal you will feel like you have been travelling to a different world and time where everything is just simpler and where people live in 10000 years old villages in pretty much the same way as their ancestors used to.

The Buddhist and Hinduist culture and the majestic mountains holding the sky surrounding you will give you a sense of peace and fill you with positive energy.

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Family tours

Family tour in Nepal

Family tour in Nepal

The Langtang valley is about 75kms North of Katmandu. At the Nepalese border with Tibet, it is the region where the Tamangs, an ethnic group of tibetan ancestry, live and keep the customs and... Read More about Family tour in Nepal

From: 1033 EUR 982 EUR | 14 days

 
Land tours

Annapurna Nepal Trekking

Annapurna Nepal Trekking

The Annapurna is one of the world’s highest mountains, it culminates at 8000m at the heart of the Himalayas. The region around it is close to Tibet and the landscapes will probably remind this... Read More about Annapurna Nepal Trekking

From: 1242 EUR | 18 days | Period: September to March

 
Info

Useful info | Dive info

Useful info

Time

Nepal Standard time is GMT +5.30. Nepal does not observe daylight savings.

Flying time

13 hours direct and from 16hours if you have a stop.

Visas

Visitors must hold a full 10-year passport, with at least 6 months validity remaining at the point of return, for entry into Nepal. Visa on arrival is given to tourists from most countries for a fee that has to be paid in cash in any of the following currencies, US dollars, British Pounds, Euros.

  • Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

Country

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768 , when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long  Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement of 22 November 2005.

The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Government

In recent developments, the political parties of Nepal have agreed on forming an interim government under the leadership of Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi in order to hold Constituent Assembly elections by 19 November 2013 to end the political deadlock.

The second election for the constituent assembly was held successfully and Sushil Koirala was appointed the new prime minister.

Population

There are approximately 26.5 million people living in Nepal.The Nepalese are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet, and North Burma and the Chinese province of Yunnan via Assam.

Even though Indo-Nepalese migrants were latecomers to Nepal relative to the migrants from the north, they have come to dominate the country not only numerically, but also socially, politically, and economically.

Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 12%, Kirat 5.1%,Islam by 4.4%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.[2] A large section of the population, especially in hill region, even though they follow Hindu customs, may identify themselves as both Hindu as well as Buddhists which can be attributed to syncretic nature of Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal.

Language

Nepali is the official national language and serves as lingua franca among Nepalis of different ethnolinguistic groups. The regional languages Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Maithili and rarely Hindi are spoken in the southern Terai Region. Many Nepalis in government and business speak English as well. Varieties of Tibetan are spoken in and north of the higher Himalaya where standard literary Tibetan is widely understood by those with religious education.

Economics

Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2012 was estimated at over $17.921 billion (adjusted to Nominal GDP) In 2010, agriculture accounted for 36.1%, services comprise 48.5%, and industry 15.4% of Nepal's GDP Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18% and manufacturing/craft-based industry 6%.

Agricultural produce – mostly grown in the Terai region bordering India – includes tea, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk, and water buffalo meat. Industry mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce.

Sources of growth include agriculture, construction, financial and other services. The proportion of poor people has declined substantially in recent years however the income distribution remains grossly uneven.

Geography

Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level.

The southern Terai region is fertile and humid The dramatic differences in elevation found in Nepal result in a variety of biomes, from tropical savannas along the Indian border, to subtropical broadleaf and coniferous forests in the Hill Region, to temperate broadleaf and coniferous forests on the slopes of the Himalaya, to montane grasslands and shrublands and rock and ice at the highest elevations.

Weather

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are tropical and winters are mild.

Nepal has namely five major seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.An average temperature drop of 6°C occurs for every 1,000 m gain in altitude. In the Terai, summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas, winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys, summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.

Money

The official currency of Nepal is the Nepali Rupee(NPR or Rs). One rupee is divided into 100 paisa. There are no customs charges or limitations in bringing your home currency into Nepal so this is often the easiest, and in most cases the cheapest way to fund your stay in Nepal, but this has obvious risks associated with loss.

Bureau de change are very common in tourist areas and all clearly post their daily exchange rates on a white or an electronic notice board. ATMs are widely available in cities for cash withdrawals, when withdrawing from ATM's be aware that cash withdrawal charges will be made by both the Nepali Bank and (usually) your own bank at home.

You can check the actual exchange rate with your bank or on websites such as www.xe.com

Traveller cheques / Credit card

Traveller cheques in US dollars, euros or GBP can easily be exchanged in all the local banks and in bureau de change. Hotels will charge you extra to change money and will not always accept traveller cheques. International credit and debit cards (Visa, American Express, Diners, Mastercard) can be used in most banks and commercial outlets (shops, hotels, restaurants) but banks charges might be quite high when paying small amounts so it is often preferable to withdraw some cash to pay for daily expenses. Please check with your bank for more details.

Health

Medical services

Public and private health services are limited However, Kathmandu does hold a world renowned tropical diseases and travel medicine clinic.

Vaccinations and health regulations

There are no required vaccines to enter Nepal except for people travelling from epidemic areas. A Yellow fever vaccine is compulsory for people travelling from the following countries: Angola, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mauritania, Mali, Nigeria, Soudan, Zaïre. We recommend that you check before departure if any new health regulation comes in place.

We also strongly advised that you check with your DOCTOR if you require any vaccine before leaving.

Medicines

You should consider bringing some essentials with you such as sun screen, anti-diarrhea medication, anti-altitude sickness medicine, aspirin, ect…

Water

Do not drink tap water while travelling in South East Asia, bottled water is readily available everywhere. Keep in mind that you are in a tropical climate and that you should thus drink about 2 to 3 litres more than usual.

All water should be regarded as potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or sterilized.

Turista

Most travellers will experience it during their holiday, a change of climate, of food and water is enough to catch it however most of the time it will just go after a few trips to the toilet. You can take some anti-diarrheic tablets. Don’t forget to drink a lot if this happens to prevent dehydration.

Mosquitoes

There are mostly present in Nepal in certain regions such as the Terai region and in other places during the hot season. To best protect yourself, it is advised to wear lose and covering clothes or to use mosquito sprays. At night sleep under a mosquito net if the place where you stay is not protected enough, a fan over your bed will also keep them at bay.

Malaria pills are not compulsory when travelling in Nepal, talk with your doctor before leaving. The Dengue fever is also present in the country, it is mainly carried by daytime mosquitoes, most of the time people will have a high fever for a few days before it is gone. Strong complications are rare. People who had dengue fever are considered to be immune after but this might change.

Other useful information

Telephone and Internet

Much of Nepal's Internet access is concentrated in the more-developed Katmandu Valley region, as the mountainous terrain and low income in remote regions of the country make access more difficult.

Electricity

Electrical outlets in Nepal are charged to 220v at 50 cycles per second, which is compatible with appliances from the U.K. but not those from the US and many other nations. While most computer cables have adaptors for voltage, visitors will have to bring adapters to run most other appliances.

Dive info

No diving in Nepal :-)

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